Proyecto Taguá began in November 1985 through an agreement between the Zoological Society of San Diego (USA), the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (Py) and the Peace Corps of the United States, with the intention

of starting a research project and captive breeding program for the Chacoan Peccary or Taguá (Catagonus wagneri) due to the alarming decline of the then little known and newly discovered species.

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The South American Gran Chaco:
The Gran Chaco extends from definite tropical latitudes to clearly subtropical environments ranging from the 57 ° west to 66° west.
Covering an approximate area of 1,200,000 square kilometers the equivalent of 6% of the geographical space of South America. 46% is found in Argentina, 34% in Paraguay and 20% in Bolivia with a very small area in Brazil.

The region has marked climatic gradients. Average annual temperatures range between 18 and 26° C
while the maximum rainfall occurs in the vicinity of the Paraguay river, with annual average values ​of 1,300 mm, while most of the Dry Chaco hover around the 500 mm. The rains have a marked concentration with dry winters and hot humid summers.